- wide1 W1S1 [waıd] adj▬▬▬▬▬▬▬1¦(distance)¦2¦(variety)¦3¦(in many places)¦4 a wide variation/difference/gap etc5 the wider context/issues/picture etc6¦(eyes)¦7 give somebody/something a wide berth8¦(not hit something)¦9 the (big) wide world10 nationwide/city-wide etc▬▬▬▬▬▬▬[: Old English; Origin: wid]1.) ¦(DISTANCE)¦a) measuring a large distance from one side to the other= ↑broad≠ ↑narrow▪ a wide tree-lined road▪ a hat with a wide brimwide smile/grin▪ As he ran toward me, his face broke into a wide grin.b) measuring a particular distance from one side to the other▪ How wide is the door?▪ The boat was nearly as wide as the canal.five metres/two miles etc wide▪ The river is more than fifty yards wide.2.) ¦(VARIETY)¦ [usually before noun]including or involving a large variety of different people, things, or situations▪ a man with a wide experience of foreign affairs▪ Our aim is to bring classical music to a wider audience.a wide range/variety/choice etc (of sth)▪ This year's festival includes a wide range of entertainers.▪ holidays to a wide choice of destinations3.) ¦(IN MANY PLACES)¦ [usually before noun]happening among many people or in many places▪ The radio and newspapers gave the trial wide coverage.4.) a wide variation/difference/gap etca large and noticeable difference▪ the ever-wider gap between the richest and poorest countries5.) the wider context/issues/picture etcthe more general features of a situation, rather than the specific details▪ We hope that by the end of the course students will be able to see their subject in a wider context.6.) ¦(EYES)¦literary wide eyes are fully open, especially when someone is very surprised, excited, or frightened▪ Her eyes grew wide in anticipation.7.) give sb/sth a wide berthto avoid someone or something8.) ¦(NOT HIT SOMETHING)¦not hitting something you were aiming atwide of▪ His shot was just wide of the goal.9.) the (big) wide worldespecially spoken places outside the small familiar place where you live▪ Soon you'll leave school and go out into the big wide world.10.) nationwide/city-wide etcaffecting all the people in a nation, city etc▪ a country-wide revolt against the government▬▬▬▬▬▬▬WORD CHOICE: wide, thick, broadWide is used to talk about the distance across something such as a road or river. It is also used to talk about the distance from one side to the other of an object : a doorway two metres wideThick is usually used to talk about the distance between the two largest surfaces of an object : The steel doors are four inches thick.Broad can often be used instead of wide , but it is slightly literary : broad, graceful avenuesBroad is always used with shoulders and back : a big man with broad (NOT wide) shouldersWide is used with nouns such as range , variety , and choice to say that something includes a lot of different things.Broad is used with nouns such as outline , picture , and description to say that a description is general rather than specific.▬▬▬▬▬▬▬wide 2wide2 W3S3 adv1.) wide open/awake/apartcompletely open, awake, or apart▪ Someone left the back door wide open.▪ At 2 a.m. I was still wide awake.▪ Sandy stood with his back to the fire, legs wide apart.2.) opening or spreading as much as possibleopen/spread (sth) wide▪ Spiro spread his arms wide in a welcoming gesture.▪ Leonora's eyes opened wide in horror.▪ The windows had been opened wide and she could feel a slight breeze.3.) wide openif a competition, election etc is wide open, it is possible for anyone to succeed▪ Most experts agree that the election is wide open at this point.4.) not hitting something you were aiming at, and missing it by a large distance▪ His throw to first base went wide .5.) wide of the marka) not correct about something, by a large amount▪ The opinion polls were hopelessly wide of the mark.b) not hitting something you were aiming at, and missing it by a large distance▪ One of the bombs fell wide of the mark.→far and wide at ↑far1 (11)
Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.